On 1st December 2018, ACEA 2016, the latest legislation from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, comes into force. ACEA 2016 significantly upgrades the standards related to the performance and quality of lubricants for passenger vehicles and heavy-duty diesels.
With less than one month to go, now is the time to check that your engine oils comply with the new standards. Testing under the old standards may not be robust enough to ensure that lubricants provide the best performance and protection for modern engines. Using non-compliant oils also increases the risk of engine components failing and could invalidate a vehicle warranty.
All engine oils from Q8Oils comply fully with ACEA 2016. Q8Oils is a signatory to the European Engine Lubricants Quality Management System, which confirms this compliance.
More about the standards … and why the change?
ACEA represents leading car, van, truck and bus manufacturers based in Europe and is responsible for defining lubricant specifications for their vehicles.
These specifications are updated every few years; ACEA 2016 was released in December 2016 and replaces ACEA 2012. The main reason for the change is to introduce new tests to reflect modern engine technology and to address concerns about the impact of biofuels on lubricant performance.
ACEA 2016 includes the following updated tests and adjustments:
- New hardware for the engine
Direct petrol injection engines and their turbocharged counterparts are growing in importance. The tests assess the extent to which lubricants can prevent black sludge and piston deposits.
New alternative fuels, especially biofuels for heavy goods vehicles, can increase oxidation, degradation and thickening in lubricants. Two new tests assess lubricants’ effectiveness in preventing oxidation and deposit formation.
- Fuel efficiency
Reflecting the worldwide drive to improve fuel economy, ACEA 2016 introduces a new C5 category, which sets higher goals to achieve greater efficiency.
- New sealing materials
A new test is introduced for modern engines that use new elastomer sealing materials to comply with European REACH legislation.
- Soot test
This test measures the level of thickening and deposits caused by soot in modern light commercial diesel engines.
- New ACEA C5 category and ACEA A1/B1 removed
Engine and motor oil developments over recent years led to the need for an aftertreatment specification compatible with the new SAE 0W-20 and 5W-20 oils. The ACEA C1-C4 categories were unsuitable for these oils which typically have HTHS viscosities below 2.9 mPas. ACEA C5 requires a mid-SAPS oil since it has the same SAPS limits as C2 and C3 but a HTHS viscosity between 2.6 and 2.9 mPas. C5 demands a 2% better fuel economy than C3.
The ACEA A1/B1 specification has been removed because the new ACEA C5 specification covers relevant low-HTHS oils and also ensures aftertreatment compatibility.
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